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PERFECTIONISM, COGNITION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS

Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra
Project classification

Scientific area

5.1 Psychology

Discipline(s)

Psychology, special (including therapy for learning, speech, hearing, visual and other physical and mental disabilities)

Project description

Project title

PERFECTIONISM, COGNITION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS

Scientific Coordinator's name:

António Macedo

Scientific Coordinator's e-mail:

amacedo@ci.uc.pt

Principal R&D Unit:

Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra

Other R&D Units involved in the project:

Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde de Coimbra (ESTEsC/IPC)

Project keyword(s)

PERFECTIONISM, COGNITIONS, REPETITIVE NEGATIVE THINKING, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS

Short abstract and comments

Many studies have established an association between the maladaptive aspects of perfectionism and psychopathological conditions (1). However, the cognitive mechanisms that mediate this association are not fully understood. In the present study, using a top-down metacognitive model, we aim to investigate the role of multilevel cognitive processes in the relationship between psychological distress (PD) and perfectionism (P) in a non-clinical sample of undergraduate students/employees of health and education institutions and a clinical sample of depressive and anxiety disorders. Metacognitions constitute central components of information processing involved in the development and persistence of PD. This higher-order cognitive level involves procedural metacognitions that form plans for guiding cognition and action and contributes to maladaptive response styles and engagement in unhelpful coping strategies such as worry/rumination (2). Special importance will be given to the role of this repetitive negative thinking) which has shown to mediate the relationship between perfectionism and PD (3) and to how these cognitive strategies act negatively in emotional regulation.

Potential uses/indications

In which respects the self-report instruments we expect to continue validating instruments that are relevant for the study of cognitive correlates/mediators not yet available in Portuguese language. As a main outcome we expect to confirm the hypothesis that certain cognitive characteristics, processes and rules play a role in the relationship between perfectionism and psychological distress. Specifically we expect to prove the importance of meta-cognitions in eliciting/ maintaining negative repetitive thinking processes that are responsible for the psychological negative outcomes. Additionally we hope that the results of our project can conduce to the development of a meta-cognitive psychotherapeutic model for the treatment of perfectionism, which might subsequently prevent the development of negative psychological conditions.

Status

Ongoing

Partner Status: Seeking Partners?

Yes

Grant number (QREN, FP7, Eureka, etc)

Grant number (QREN, FP7, Eureka, etc)

Last edited on

2015-09-02 10:49:26

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