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Numerical simulation of the vestibular system: biomechanics applied to rehabilitation

INEGI - Institute of Science and Innovation in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Project classification

Scientific area

2.3 Mechanical engineering

Discipline(s)

Applied mechanics

Project description

Project title

Numerical simulation of the vestibular system: biomechanics applied to rehabilitation

Scientific Coordinator's name:

Jorge Belinha

Scientific Coordinator's e-mail:

jorge.belinha@fe.up.pt

Principal R&D Unit:

Design and Experimental Validation Unit

Other R&D Units involved in the project:

Other R&D units involved in the project

Project keyword(s)

Meshless Methods, Vestibular System, Fluid flow, Biomechanics, vertigo, inner ear

Short abstract and comments

The vestibular system, located in the inner ear, is the sensory system that provides the information about movements and the sense of balance. Vertigo is a frequent symptom in balance disorders affecting approximately 20%-30% of the world population. These pathological episodes are, in most cases, a set of debilitating symptoms that can occur unexpectedly and are present in patients of all ages, with higher prevalence in elders. One of the most efficient treatments of vertigo is the vestibular rehabilitation, which allows the improvement of the symptoms and the patient’s suffering. Since this rehabilitation process is based on empirical manoeuvres, the presente project aims to provide further insights of the nonlinear biomechanics of a vertigo episode, in order to improve these rehabilitation manoeuvres. Additionally, this pioneer study proposes to develop a complete numerical model of the vestibular system capable of providing a wider understanding of this understudied human sensorial system.

Potential uses/indications

This project aims to extensively expand the knowledge on the biomechanical behavior of the vestibular system, combining numerical studies and experimental validations. This incoming will permit to directly optimize the vestibular rehabilitation protocol and to reduce the socioeconomic costs associated with this pathology, furthermore it is enclosed in the ageing priorities of European Commission.

Status

Ongoing

Partner Status: Seeking Partners?

No

Grant number (QREN, FP7, Eureka, etc)

FCT Grant: SFRH/BD/108292/2015

Last edited on

2016-05-03 12:21:39

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